August 2, 2022 adminUncategorized

Breast milk or Liquid Gold is the best nutrition for your baby. The theme of World Breast Feeding Week this 2022 is to encourage all stakeholders to enable mums to feed their babies anytime, anywhere.

Each animal makes milk which is appropriate for their own young ones, and this milk carries Great Value. For humans, milk is produced in the breast and so breast milk as it is popularly known is the liquid gold for the human baby.

Endorsement of such unique & universally available free baby food is celebrated as “world breastfeeding week “every 1st to 7th of August since 1992.

In line with communication of the 1990 & thereafter in a declaration about breastfeeding, there are 8 ways to celebrate, a breastfeeding week, to show your support and create awareness.

  1. 1. Find the right bra fit.
  2. Participate in the Global big latch on weekend 6 to 8 August)
  3. Share Your “Brelfies (breastfeeding selfie)
  4. Thank Nursing Mom.
  5. Find Time to Rejuvenate.
  6. Talk About Your Breastfeeding Experience.
  7. Join a Local Breastfeeding Class or Support Group
  8. Feed your baby.

To create awareness, find time to reach out when somebody needs help. We need to talk about the breastfeeding experience.

It is important to understand, why stress is on the human breast milk. Nature has made provision that every mother’s care is just right for her baby.

Thus, cows’ milk is just right for the calf, goat’s milk for baby goat, lioness milk for the Lion cub, cats milk for a kitten and the list goes on, ending with human milk is for the human baby.

What does liquid gold offer?

It contains hormones and antibodies to fight infection.

It had just the right amount of protein sugar fat and vitamins for the Infant to thrive.

It offers the foundation for lifelong good health.

For a mother, breastfeeding drives lower anxiety, increased bone strength, decreases heart disease, and decreases breast cancer risk. It is also important to understand that the baby should breastfeed within the first hour after birth.

Baby doesn’t need to be taught like all other animals, how to latch on. When a just-born baby is kept on the mother’s abdomen or tummy, the baby moves or crawls towards the breast and latches the nipple & sucks the breast milk.

The more the number of latching, the more breast milk. It is a demand and supply system.

Baby unless ill or needing any extra medical care should be allowed to be kept next to the mother. This posture maintains the physiological stability of the baby with respect to temperature, heart rate and respiratory rate.

There are enormous benefits to breastfeeding for mother as well as child.Let’s see the benefits for the baby first.

A breastfed baby develops well

It has a good bowel movement

The least probability of jaundice

Happy & cheerful baby as breastfeeding is aptly right to the stomach of the baby.

Stabilizes baby’s blood sugar.

Now the most obvious question that arises in mind is, if a baby who is in NICU, will lose out on the liquid gold? Of course not. Mother nature has generous ways to offer the same benefit.

The mother can express milk using her hands or pump and this milk which is, derived can be delivered to NICU.

Breast milk can be handed over to the nurse in charge, or, it can be kept in the refrigerator for 3 to 4 hours. The sister in charge makes sure that the baby receives the milk.

Finally, we need to understand that breastfeeding does not cause, loss in our figures. In contrast, breastfeeding leads to happy moments, connecting mothers to healthy and satisfied babies.

This is why, you will see that even a poor woman who has a completely nourished baby, is lean and healthy.

Breastfeeding develops the physical, and emotional connect with the baby. Nevertheless, a lot of awareness needs to be created for nursing mothers as well as the places in public to be marked as breastfeeding-friendly structures. Male partners should actively participate in the same practice.

So, love your baby, breastfeed your baby, and encourage the future generations to promote and push for breastfeeding.


July 29, 2022 adminUncategorized

In fact, the success and Cost of the IVF cycle depends upon this.

Congratulations are due as you have crossed the 1st milestone – the fertilization or fusion of healthy eggs harvested from the woman with sperm. The sperm may be from her husband or from a source unknown to the woman.

In the course of the natural fertilization process, when the embryo is formed within the body, changes occur inside the uterus as it prepares itself to accept the embryo and subsequently offer it nutrition. This seemingly simple process is actually a very complex one.

During the IVF cycle, this complex process is carried out by the embryologist in the IVF laboratory.  This entire process needs to be monitored while creating conditions as close as possible to those in the woman’s body.

Between 24 and 30 hours after fertilization (Day 1), the embryo gets divided into 2 cells. By Day 2 the embryo is 4 cells and by the third day, the embryo is a 6-8 celled structure.

On the 4th day, the embryo cells are now fused, within 16-32 cell structures. This structure is now called a morula, which is a fast developing stage.

On day 5 of the embryo, the cells are specialized and carry out necessary functioning. The outer surface of the morula is the placenta in making & fluid secretions turning into the amniotic fluid.

Now, the real challenge is surviving and growing during the next 48 hrs. (day 3 to 5). The not-so-competent embryos will not survive this stage & leave only the best to be selected for transfer. In the womb, implantation will occur only if the embryo reaches the day 5 stage.

The IVF center has the option of transferring on Day 3, hoping that the natural environment within the womb will take it to day 5 and enable implantation to occur.

However, this is taking a risk at the patient’s expense. If, after a day 3 transfer an innately deficient embryo does not survive to grow to day 5, the transfer is bound to fail.

At Pearl Women’s Hospital, we do only day 5 transfers. In short, we transfer only when we are confident that the embryo is good enough to have grown up to day 5, increasing the chances of successful implantation.

In many institutes that offer low-priced cycles, the compulsion to reduce cycle rates means the adoption of cost-saving measures like bulk transfers. Also, many simply do not have an in-house embryologist. Thus, transfers take place only when the embryologist is available, which may be day 3 or day 5.

We are a professional institute with an in-house embryologist who is an M.Sc in Embryology from UK, a very rare commodity. No wonder then that our success rate is higher (71%) and therefore the cost to pregnancy is lower since we require less number of cycles for ensuring conception and live birth.

There are a few instances, where some women will not have any embryo left for transfer despite appearing good on day 3. It is very easy to say, such embryos which did not survive, eventually could not achieve pregnancy, even though transferred on day 3. Such embryos are chromosomally not competent.

Safe to say that the more advanced the growth of the embryo, the better the chances of implantation in the uterine lining.

To summarize – We transfer the embryo on day 5 only after its survival and quality have been confirmed. This increases the success rate of the cycle. This means the cost to pregnancy gets reduced since a lesser number of cycles may be required for pregnancy.


Do’s & Don’t on Embryo Transfer Day


On the day of ET, be calm, stress-free

It’s a relatively simple & painless procedure of about 30 min. Ultrasound-guided Embryo Transfer ensure the best implantation of the embryos.

A very small percentage of women may require transfer under Anesthesia or sedation.

You can have a light delight meal before your Embryo transfer.

The transfer is done with a full bladder, so drink plenty of water.



Avoid makeup or perfume as embryos are sensitive to such objects.

Avoid hot baths, swimming or any intense activity for a minimum of 2 weeks.

Avoid having sex, long or bumpy trips right after embryo transfer. Because the embryo takes first 72 hours to implant itself.


We at pearl women’s hospital & Yash IVF, recommend day 5 embryo transfer to almost all of the patients with a few exceptions if any.

1. Pearl Women’s Hospital &Yash IVF has an excellent IVF lab upgraded as per the latest international guidelines

2. In-house embryologist and team are the key assets and factors of our success

3. Latest infrastructure & upgradation ensure embryo development to Day 5 (Blastocyst stage)


July 28, 2022 adminUncategorized

Good News for those who are trying and your doctor has advised the IVF. It simply means you are closer to your dreams of achieving parenthood. As the name indicates, IVF stands for In-vitro Fertilization. In vitro means in glass or in laboratory conditions.

As the choice of IVF is chosen and the decision is based on the clinical records, and medical history of both partners, the current options available for pregnancy and the best choice is zeroed upon.

In the broader picture, any assistance that is required from outside for pregnancy & delivery is very important. Medical advice is a very important part of it.


As you are on the journey of IVF, you are eager to know, what are the success rates or chances of success. A recent study says, the younger & earlier, you start, the better the chances of IVF success.


What is the IVF Procedure?

IVF is a process of achieving pregnancy by having a number of eggs produced by women with the help of the best quality hormonal injections, extracting them and made to fuse with male sperms in laboratory conditions. After the fertilization, the embryo is transferred to the womb or uterus of a woman.


What is the real concern about IVF Success?

Some couples don’t have a success with single IVF cycle and real concerns arise about the cost & time. All need to understand, that the cost & time of pregnancy is the real cost of IVF and is not limited to a number of cycles. The golden rule is, that the younger and earlier you start, the more chances of success are.

Status of the ovaries, how functional are they, what about the quality of eggs produced, quality of sperms, nature of embryo formed and then its implantation which happens with the help of medicines, infrastructure, the expertise of team etc. All matters for success.

Multiple cycles not only add up to the cost but also impacts the success rates, which differ with age. Age is the main point that success depends on.


What are the chances of success with IVF? It depends on,

 The female & partner’s age.

 The duration  & severity of infertility.

 Forms of Infertility (primary or second)

 Different Causes & concerns of infertility

 The egg, sperm and embryo’s qualities

 The development of the endometrium to name a few.


Let’s be practical with successful IVF:


The success rate of IVF/ICSI is around \30-35% per embryo transfer in the well-programmed cycle. It means, that 3 patients out of 10 probably will successfully carry the baby home, the rest need to go for additional cycles of IVF. The 1st high-quality IVF cycle is likely to be successful. More frustrating is the failure to achieve the same. it is to understand that IVF is the most important & established procedure with higher success rates as compared to other procedures.  IVF is not a miracle.

The success of IVF depends on the factors stated above


Fresh or frozen embryo transfer: which is better in the true sense?

The success rate is found to be higher with frozen embryos as compared to fresh embryos. Frozen cycles tend to have a higher success rate as the embryos that survive the thawing process are most adaptable, resulting in higher chances of achieving a pregnancy.


Fresh embryo transfer happens 5 days after egg retrieval, there is a shorter span, which is of 5 days for conception. Doctors prefer to look into the progesterone level at this stage. An elevated progesterone level will not allow embryo implantation.


Frozen embryo transfer typically happens 6-8 weeks after the embryo is frozen. This frozen embryo can have better chances to develop in a baby due to the favorable hormonal condition. Newer techniques in the preservation of embryos have an added advantage.


Likewise, Donor eggs if, obtained from, a younger donor who is medically fit, increases the chances of success rates. Also, better sperm quality always ensures a higher chance of conception.

In IVF Success Story, the age of the male partner matters too.


The ageing of the father also has an effect on fertility because it affects the quality of the sperm, by causing damage to the Sperm DNA, thereby reducing the capacity to fertilize as well as the quality of embryos. Damage to the Sperm DNA is greatly higher in men who have reached 45 years old.



How do we measure the success of IVF?

You will come across different terms like the fertilisation rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, take-home baby rate etc.

We @Pearl Women’s Hosp & Yash IVF often use the live birth rate as our success. This simply means the women go back home as a healthy mother, carrying her bundle of joy.


Do you know the gold standard of live birth rate all around the globe?

Irrespective of the age of the patient, a 30% of live birth rate is considered as gold standard around the world.


Then, want to know the cost of Successful IVF or live birth take-home baby cost?

1. IVF is not necessarily a costly affair.

2. There are procedures to obtain pregnancy depending on, reasons of fertility, duration of infertility, delay in treatment taking, age of the couple, medical history & records.

3. There are many instances where ICSI/IMSI alone or in combination offer success.

4. Depending upon fertility treatment, medicines used, and Protocol to be followed will decide the cost of IVF success.



To summarise the same, we at Pearl Women’s Hosp & Yash IVF ,

1. Follow high-quality IVF cycles to achieve the pregnancy early.

2. Almost 7500+ couples are the proud parents of healthy kids.

3. The 15+yr of experience & expertise simply means the right & early diagnosis and treatments.

4. Our live birth take-home baby success rate is around 75%.

5. This simply means, that out of 10 patients enrolled in the programme, almost 7-8 proud moms and dads go home with a healthy baby.

6. Our live birth take-home baby success rate is around 75%. With 1.8 IVF cycles.(around 2 cycles)


July 23, 2022 adminUncategorized

The journey of parenthood is always a cherished event for the couple. Women gracefully want to carry the pregnancy. Infertility is never thought of until you are trying hard to carry the pregnancy and there is no success. There are many reasons which are accountable for difficulty in getting pregnant or carrying the pregnancy to term.

One of the most prominent reason, why infertility is often not diagnosed or remains undiagnosed for a longer duration is that there are no specific symptoms of infertility. It is in contrast to the symptoms of many diseases which have definite symptoms.

Often couples think of starting a family while considering many aspects like financial, emotional and social well-being. Every word about years of marriage becomes a talking point in the family. Then the delay in such a natural process as pregnancy becomes a hindrance and the only question often asked is, why the same simple event is not so simple for me? Is there an issue with our fertility? If you are under 35 years and trying for a baby for over a year then it is time to seek professional help without further delay. This decision making itself will involve addressing a few critical concerns.

Let’s address some of the concerns one by one.    

  1. is infertility an issue?
  2. Warning signs of infertility
  3. Is infertility an issue?

Infertility is a medical problem that can either be resolved or despite it you can still have a baby.  Ongoing Medical research in infertility management & new treatment options have made it possible that those facing a problem in becoming parents will be able to fulfill their dreams, sooner or later.

Infertility, by definition, is an inability to have pregnancy (during reproductive age) after an active sex life without the use of contraception methods, for a minimum of 12 months.

As it is obvious, there are some medical concerns like the production & maturation of eggs as well as sperm production & quality, and difficulty in the fusion of egg with sperm.

Medical science has advanced to the extent of analyzing the reproductive organ of males & females, the link between history, and the reasons for the not-so-normal pregnancies. Today, simple medical tests have been developed that point out the reasons as well.

Infertility is not an issue but the silence over this medical problem definitely is. How to deal with infertility then? Read up on the net, consult with genuine experts and get an assessmentof the fertility score done, for both the partners.

There is a difference between a visit to an Infertility expert and a routine visit to your Gynecologist. Infertility is a very complex issue and it requires a team of  trained experts to resolve your problems reliably, affordably and with the desired results. At a professional nd reputed Infertility management center this team typically will involve the Infertility expert, Embryologists, an Andrologist, an Infertility Counselor, a financial counselor and the Lab technician and nursing staff.

The infertility counsellors  role  is to educate the couple and, often, the entire family, about the infertility management journey that the couple is likely to experience. This journey may take them through a few of IUI cycles followed by a few cycles of IVF. The couple, especially the woman, has to be prepared to deal with failure and to focus on success. There will be counseling for keeping the faith and patience and overcomingthe emotional and financial turmoil. That’s the reason, fertility experts work as a team, which comprises counsellors, nutritionists, embryologists, physiotherapists, and nurses. Teamwork has a definitive advantage in making the couple’s journey more stress-free and comfortable.

There are some early warning signs that may indicate subsequent difficulty in getting pregnant.  Let us familiarize ourselves with these signs.

  1. Period /menses abnormality: by observing your pattern & flow of the periods.

If you have a heavier, lighter period than the normal one, or if there is the absence of period/periods as per your due dates, it’s time to see the doctor. This can be a warning sign of hormonal imbalance.

  1. Painful periods: Exceptional intense pain during or before periods which don’t stop after taking pain killers, is a sign of many more underlying causes including cysts. It will not cause infertility but the underlying cause can be a matter of concern.
  2. Sudden weight gain, hair loss, consistent fatigue, a severe flare of acne, and facial hair growth are the symptoms of hormonal imbalances.
  3. Fever and itching which are indicative of bacterial infections or sexually transmitted diseases start from the uterus and reach up to the reproductive area, which may pose a problem for pregnancy.
  4. Like in females, in males too, obesity, as well as anorexia, can be the cause of infertility, by creating obstacles like  erectile dysfunction, (inability to sustain an erection during sexual activities), low sex desire, Pain during sex, pain & swelling or lumps in testicles. Even though not getting pregnant  despite being sexually active remains the 1stand most valid sign of infertility, these above signs are the warning signs which can’t be neglected & delayed at any cost. The signs are the signals of something deeper. Maybe more serious concerns are below the surface.

We have seen & witnessed, even in the past, Silence over health concerns cost a lot. Women’s health concern should be a family priority too.

Who knows, delayed diagnosis can be parenthood denied too. When the warning signs are evident, treat this as a body crying for help. Keeping Silence over these issues is not a solution. Do talk to the experts and get the right advice. Words of sympathy can’t replace the importance of medical advice.


July 21, 2022 adminUncategorized

Is IVF an established technology?
The year 1978 heralded a break through in infertility management when assisted reproduction technology (ART) brought into the world the first IVF (in vitro fertilized) baby, or Test tube baby as the process was then known. 25th July 1978 was the day on which, Doctors Patricks Steptoe and sir Robert Edward had the honour of bringing into the world Louis Brown, the world’s first IVF baby.

Simply put, IVF  refers to a baby made outside the body and then put into the uterus to grow for 9 months. However 44 years after the first IVF baby was born, the process of IVF remains an enigma, many families still believing that IVF babies may not be normal, may not be genetically theirs, and may stand apart from the rest of the babies.

It is important to understand that IVF or as it is commonly called even today,Test Tube baby,  is nothing but Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART).
The male and the female partners both contribute towards the making of the little new wonder in their unique way. The male partner contributes only the sperm & the sperm is the motile component of the whole procedure. Therefore when trying to conceive the male partner is asked to do a Semen analysis, which gives an idea of the quantity and quality of the sperms.

The quality of the sperm is determined by it’s motility, that is it’s ability to move ahead speedily, and it’s morphology – the appearance of the sperm. There are unfortunate cases where the semen has no sperm in it (Azoospermia) or the quantity may not be sufficient enough to achieve conception (Oligospermia). This can be due to  either no or low production or no or poor supply. This however needs to be investigated to find the correct reason.

Every male, however, needs to understand one very important point. That the ability to perform sex and the ability to impregnate are different aspects.  Meaning that even if the male is unable to perform sex due to impotency (erection failure), he may still be able to cause conception by resorting to IVF technology.

The female partners play a major role. This is because along with her gametes she also provides the lodging boarding facility to the growing baby for 9 months.  Like male counterparts, both the quantity and quality of the ovum or eggs matter. Since the ovaries are hidden inside the body, indirect means like sonography and blood tests need to be resorted to, to get an idea of the situation.

There are three categories of eggs.
The normal range ovaries (A), over-enthusiastic ovaries (B) & tired ovaries. (C).
The B and C categories are the ones which need more care & management than type A. The quality of eggs cannot be commented upon till visualized. However, we can safely say that the quantity and quality islikely to be good in A and may be compromised in B and C.

When two factors are responsible for a result, they must come together.
The sperm needs to reach the egg, get fertilized and then the resultant embryo needs to get back to the uterus, be nurtured and nourished, enabling it to grow well, eventually resulting in a mature baby at the end of the gestation period.
The path taken by the sperm and subsequently by the embryo after fertilization, is through the fallopian tubes. These are tunnels originating from the uterus ending in a hood over the ovary. They possess minute hair-like structures called Fimbriae, to push the embryo towards the uterus.

There are times when everything seems so right but yet nothing works right.
Therefore, if there is an absence of pregnancy even after a year of persistent and meticulous attempts then it is advisable that the couple seeks the help of assissted reproduction technology.

It rather means that help is available and it should be availed, just as it is for any other medical problem with human shortcomings.
What next?

  1. Taking the first steps towards pregnancy is consulting a fertility professional and getting yourself and your partner assessed,
    It is very important to understand that both the partners should be assessed simultaneously for a positive outcome.
  2. When a couple goes to a clinic they will first be requested to tell about their history.
    This means, they will give details about their age, period of marriage, period since when they have been trying to have a baby, their sexual life, contraception method, if any used previously, any previous elements if any, menstrual issues, sonography reports etc. for the female partners and any ejaculatory issues, and semen analysis for the male partner.
  3. Every couple needs to be honest with their doctor and can rest assured that the doctor and team will maintain absolute secrecy regarding their medical records.

The cooing and gurgling of a baby is the most awaited moment in the life of most couples. They aspire to attain parenthood within a few years of marital bliss, however, the world fails to understand that, our body is a machine and it is not necessary that every organ works to perfection. The percentage of families that find it difficult to conceive on their own is growing and is close to over 20% as of now. However, a major portion of this population can safely and reliably  find solace in established infertility management technologies like IUI, IVF, ICSI, IMSI, TES – PESA, etc.


July 20, 2022 adminUncategorized

Contrary to popular conception, in couples facing difficulty in conceiving successfully, the male partner is responsible almost 30% of the time. Difficult to believe, isn’t it, that male infertility is almost as frequent an occurrence as female infertility? But true nevertheless. It means that responsibility for becoming parents lies almost equally with both partners and they have to work equally effectively to achieve their goal of starting a family.


It helps if both lead a lifestyle that is healthy and full of activities that will negate the stress of personal and professional commitments. Healthy eating, remaining physically fit, especially avoiding putting on unnecessary weight, and avoiding drinks & tobacco in all forms is a prerequisites when you are looking at commencing a family.


Despite this, if natural conception is not happening, irrespective of unprotected sex for a year or so, one needs to take the help of a Fertility expert.


In this article let us focus on the father-to-be, as much has already been written about female fertility.


Let’s get started on the roller coaster journey of fatherhood with well-researched data gathered from reputed journals, WHO publications & ongoing research.


Let’s start with a few important topics.


1. How soon you should prepare for fatherhood?


           Age & related fertility concerns:  it is commonly known, that females are born with all the eggs they could ever have and a sharp decline is shown over the ages.


Even though, unlike females, males can reproduce the sperms well after retirement age, the quality of the sperms reduces as men age. It is well-known fact that partners of aged males take longer to get pregnant than the younger ones. The increased chances of miscarriages along with autism or other related mental health issues are often seen with advancing-aged fathers.


So starting early is always a wiser decision.


Sooner is better than later.




2. Lifestyle modifications with smoking habits:


       Does smoking kill dreams? More than dreams, it kills the desire to be the one.

“A pioneering study on this subject was carried out by the team of Dr Julian Laubenthal, from the School of Life Sciences at the University of Bradford in the UK, who collected blood and sperm from fathers during the period of conception, and the blood from babies at birth.”

Then, the team performed a DNA analysis of the samples for risk of cancer. The researchers found a detrimental change in the DNA of babies whose fathers smoked.”

What it simply means, is that smoking has a powerfully negative effect on a baby’s health & more risk children carry for such diseases.

The smoke from cigars has the potential to the health of the sperm. Cigar smoke can alter the sperm structure, and motility and make them less competent. These epigenetic changes cause serious concerns like leukaemia and heart problems for children born to fathers who smoke.

There is no safe limit for smoking & every puff has the potential to damage the health of self, others with passive smoking & the unborn child, and lifetime damage to vital organs.

Quitting is not merely a decision, it is a lifetime gift of health.

3. Obesity:

It is a well-researched   & known fact that obesity increases the load on all organs equally & sperms structure. The research found that overweight men were 11 % more likely to have a low sperm count and 39 % more likely to have no sperm in their ejaculate. Obese men were 42 % more likely to have a low sperm count than their normal-weight peers and 81 % more likely to produce no sperm.” March 2012 Archives of Internal Medicine.


Obesity can increase the risk of infertility. Male obesity impacts negatively the reproductive potential by not only decreasing sperm quality but also altering the physical and molecular structure of germ cells in the testes. It simply means the effect of obesity is beyond maturation. Such sperms can create many abnormalities in the progeny.


Obesity by and large is an imbalance of energy consumption & energy taken by the body. Dietary modification & exercise helps in this regard. The guidance of a nutritionist is a prime requirement as losing fat without any fatigue is more important.

4. Environmental toxins: avoid them when you can’t control them.

Environmental exposures play an important role in disease orientation & development. In the case of pregnancies, the developing fetus is susceptible to environmental pollutants.

Such factors are, air pollution, tobacco smoke, pesticides, solvents, metals, radiation, water contaminants (disinfection by-products, arsenic, and nitrates) and chemicals (persistent organic pollutants (POPs) greatly impact pregnancy outcomes such as pregnancy loss, stillbirth, fetal growth, preterm birth and congenital anomalies.

Even though, we can’t avoid them fully, knowing how to minimize the exposure is definitely in our hands.

Fatherhood in today’s context is the planning of Physical, mental, and emotional well-being to create the entire generation in partnership with healthy motherhood.

Let’s remember a few points in a nutshell.

• If you and your partner want to start a family, the sooner you start, the better it is

• Being in the healthy BMI range improves your chance of having a healthy baby

• Quit smoking immediately & offer the best health foundation for the baby & family.

• Minimize or avoid exposure to such chemicals at home and workplaces.

Stress affects effects into negative pregnancy outcomes. Let’s perfect the art of living and offer the lifetime gift of a solid foundation to children.


July 8, 2022 adminUncategorized0

Good Morning, today is a bright day as sun rays are beaming through the green cover While sitting quietly through the counselling session, only one consistently asked question was playing in my mind,”

Does every patient require IVF?

So, Let’s dive straight to the answer, absolutely no, Not every patient needs In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

While elaborating on the topic, Does every patient require IVF, infertility concerns, age, medical records or past history have its importance.

Only infertility concern is the most evident & all are eager to find out the success attached with it..  Every case of infertility is unique. In simple terms, Infertility is the difficulty in conceiving a pregnancy after trying unsuccessfully for a year or so without contraceptives. This does not address the underlying cause or nature of infertility, as infertility could be temporary or permanent in nature.

Infertility is not an issue, it has many medical conditions as the underlying causes & is treatable if diagnosed well in time. Infertility, like many other medical diagnoses, can be of varying severity, like mild, moderate & severe ones.

Women who are struggling with pregnancy, face a wide range of emotional outbreaks & this stress is heartbreaking and impacts every aspect of health.

Let’s hit the problem first:  “infertility is not an issue but a medical problem of the reproductive system of the couple and it is treatable.”

Infertility may be due to medical conditions like low egg reserve, low quality of eggs, tube defects, sperm issues, and uterine abnormalities that are proven and that can be checked by various means. A recommendatory blood test for the couple along with sperm analysis is the most advised one.

Desperate trying for pregnancy along with failure to get one is a chaotic condition.

The couple often lands up in fertility clinics to find the most solution and types of treatments available.

Here’s the truth – IVF is the most effective fertility treatment available, accessible & affordable today, meaning it has the highest success rates, but it is not the only one. There are other options available for pregnancy.

Let’s see, Number of the treatments available to achieve pregnancies  & which are as follows:

  1. Ovulation monitoring:

 Ovulation monitoring is a natural process with vigilant expert guidance. Having timely intercourse during the fertile window or period is the most effective way to achieve pregnancy. The simplest procedure is careful monitoring of periods to achieve pregnancy and not a treatment as such, but if done in consultation with the doctor, along with a few blood tests, and a vaginal ultrasound to see how close you are to ovulation and can instruct you to have sex with a partner at the optimal time.

This option is helpful for couples, who are not conceiving due to wrong timings of sexual intercourse.

The ‘fertile window’ is different for every lady. The ‘fertile window’ is the day an egg is released from the ovary and the five days before that. During this time, uterus is in receptive form & sperm mating can cause pregnancy.

Ovulation Induction:

The next option is ovulation induction, which is when, you are given oral medication, such as Clomiphene, to help in ovulation. The doctor will do a vaginal ultrasound and predict ovulation, and have timely sex at that time. This medicine-driven ovulation is intended for women having irregular cycles or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

This PCOS is a multi-factorial disorder involving many factors & can cause irregular menses.

There are many good medicines available that help women conceive. These fertility medicines are strictly prescription based & should be taken under the guidance of registered medical practitioners.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):

One more step in fertility treatment is IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) after ovulation monitoring and ovulation induction. IUI is most helpful for men where sperm motility is a matter of concern. “IUI is the full-proof solution for unexplained infertility, endometriosis, or male factor infertility.”

 In general, IUI does two things:

Medications are given to increase the egg counts, so increasing the chances of her fertility.

Then, via the injection, the sperm is inserted inside the uterine cavity, so it can escape the travelling path.

During the procedure, the male partner is asked for a semen sample about an hour before IUI. Sperms are then cleaned off unwanted matter which, increases fertility chances.

Insemination is usually a few minutes pain-free procedure. The doctor will pick the healthy sperm and place sperm through the catheter into the uterus. This is an almost patient-friendly technique.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

The finest and most widely performed treatment is IVF, which is In vitro fertilization. IVF has the highest pregnancy success rates and is the most advanced and evolved of all treatments.

IVF is specifically for the Women with PCOS, Diminished Ovarian Reserve (DOR), endometriosis, and severe male factor infertility, such as low sperm count and motility.

While IVF is technologically and medically advanced, the treatment itself is not very simple. IVF, in simple terms, is, the union of sperm and egg outside of the body (in the laboratory) which gets developed into an embryo and get transformed into a woman’s uterus as pregnancy.

During IVF, a woman is given, medication to increase the egg count in the ovaries.

About 10-12 days later, the eggs are removed, & immediately, her mature eggs will be fused with her partner’s sperm to create embryos.

Doctors will transfer normal embryos into a uterus via a catheter, and a week later, pregnancy tests will be performed.

This simply means every couple is different. This simply means that IVF is not the only option. Together with the fertility team, every couple can go for the right treatments.


July 4, 2022 adminUncategorized



The cost of IVF treatment (TEST TUBE BABY COST) in any city or any part of the world is largely dependent upon PATIENT FACTORS and TREATMENT STRATEGY.

In this blog, we will examine the cost of Test Tube Baby treatment or IVF, which is one and the same process.



  1. Age of the partners, especially the woman

  2. Presence of co-morbidities, if any, like Diabetes, Anaemia, Hypertension, Thyroid issues, or Obesity in either/both the partners

  3. The health of the reproductive tract – infections leading to blocked tubes, Tuberculosis, Fibroids, PCOD in women and obstructions of the semen pathway in men

  4. Underlying conditions like Varicocele, undescended testes in men

  5. The health of the ovaries



  1. Special tests that may be required

  2. Type of treatment strategy used

  3. Number of IVF cycles needed

  4. Type of medications



Women’s fertility decreases with age and rapidly so after the age of 35. A woman’s ability to produce good quality eggs reduces as her age approaches 40, which is considered the age around which most women get their menopause. This simply means that the woman has exhausted her complement of eggs, is now unable to produce any more eggs and therefore cannot produce a child. This is accompanied by hormonal changes as periods cease and we say that menopause has started.

However, this doesn’t mean that the woman cannot get pregnant. She can take the services of a donor, generate good quality embryos by artificially fertilizing eggs donated by a healthy woman with her husband’s sperm and achieve pregnancy by getting these embryos implanted into her uterus. This process is called IVF using Donor eggs and is very common. Here the cost of the IVF process increases by about 40k to 50k being the Donor fees.

Age is not a very major issue in men.



Co-morbidities like Diabetes, Anaemia, Hypertension, Thyroid issues, and Obesity may be present in either/both partners. These ailments may directly or indirectly affect the ability to conceive or bear a child safely. Failure to conceive, premature births, and miscarriages are known complications when such comorbidities are present. Therefore these ailments have to be first cured or brought under control before the IVF cycle can commence. Subsequently greater care, additional medicines, and more frequent monitoring may be required, which may increase the cost of the IVF cycle. More cycles may be required for a successful & healthy outcome.



Infections, if any, need to be cleared up first. Even if the infections have been taken care of, they may leave behind residual complications like adhesions and toxic fluids in the fallopian tubes which have to be surgically neutralized. Since Intra-uterine fibroids may affect conception and result in miscarriages, they need to be surgically removed.

PCOD / PCOS is seen in a vast majority of women facing fertility issues. Depending upon the severity, it may require management ranging from medicines to surgery for facilitating conception and a pregnancy culminating in a healthy birth. In many of these cases, the eggs are numerous but do not mature and cannot generate embryos of sufficient quality. In such cases, pooling cycles may be an answer, but these will increase the cost. A more economical alternative would be IVF with self sperm and Donor eggs.

In men, underlying conditions may necessitate additional procedures to extract the sperm directly from the testes or the reproductive tract. These procedures will incur additional costs varying from 10k to 25k.

Additional treatments, expensive medicines, lab tests, more frequent monitoring, etc in such cases increase the cost of IVF as compared to non-complicated cases.

In women, the ovaries naturally stop producing good quality and number of eggs as they age. In some cases, the ageing is much faster and results in premature ovarian failure. In such cases, depending upon the severity, either expensive medication may be required or Donor eggs may need to be used, thereby increasing the cost of the IVF treatment.


From the above, it is important to note that there are several patient-related factors that require additional tests or processes. This increases the treatment cost of the cycle. However, patients must learn to look at IVF costs as an investment in a quality process in order to reduce time and cost in achieving a pregnancy that will culminate in a healthy live birth after a complete gestation.


While the above end result cannot be absolutely guaranteed by any clinic, the intent behind the process is more important. Just as there are riders on any financial investments you make and just as one invests in reliable and good stocks one must also learn to select a reliable and a good-quality IVF treatment process.

At Pearl Women’s Hospital & Yash IVF we focus on reducing the time and total cost of achieving desired results. We do not try to confuse patients by talking about cycle costs. Instead, we explain how our process enables the patients to fulfil their dreams in the least time and affordably.


Our strategy is to perform a high-quality first cycle, and freeze the additional embryos so that there remains the scope to perform a second or third cycle at a nominal additional cost. On the other hand, those who prefer a fresh IVF cycle simply to save the cycle cost will end up having to repeat the entire cycle and bear the entire cycle cost again, in case the first cycle fails to yield results.


To understand this strategy that will enable the least time and cost to achieve pregnancy do get in touch with us. We are also available for online consultation.


June 13, 2022 adminUncategorized

Welcome friends. Your search for the right information about infertility and IVF treatments ends here. We at Pearl women’s hospital & Yash IVF, a complete women’s care hospital often flooded with cases of infertility. Infertility is not an issue, it is a medical condition which is treatable if done in time with medical expertise.

IVF treatments is not merely a step-wise process. To achieve the dream of parenthood, along with you, Gynaecologists, andrologists, nurses and psychologists, and counsellors are the professionals who attend you from the very beginning.

However, there are also other important professionals in fertility hospitals who work silently & with no direct contact with patients & yet help you to realise the joy of motherhood. These specialist are the one, who has seen your baby growing from a single cell. They are mainly embryologists.

 “It is without doubt, that embryologists work tirelessly to help families achieve their dream of bringing a healthy baby home”

They are mainly embryologists, these embryologists are biologists, whose role inside the laboratory is very important.


An embryologist is a reproduction biology specialist. who is in charge of the assessment of eggs, sperm & embryos in order to achieve fertilisation.

Although most of the decisions related to IVF treatments are often taken by the team of doctors, it is up to the embryologists to decide on the specific treatment, as well as coordinating the development of every activity in the laboratory.

 Couples are often advised blood tests to assess their fertility potential. Haemogram, thyroid testing, AMH & other hormone profiles are often done in such cases. Men usually go through semen analysis. Once gynaecologists and andrologists have diagnosed the specific issue, along with senior embryologists, the most appropriate treatment depending on the woman’s age, and sperm quality is planned. Broadly speaking, 3 different approaches can be considered: intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization & Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is probably the least invasive procedure. It is indicated in tube obstruction, cervical factor infertility or erectile dysfunction, & even some other unclear fertility issues.

IUI requires Embryologists to perform different procedures based on their evaluation of motile sperm that allows for the selection of the best gametes.

Couples suffering from low sperm count or low sperm motility on the male side, damaged Fallopian tubes or endometriosis on the female side are usually recommended to resort to either in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intra cytoplasmic sperm injection. In both cases, ovarian stimulation is required for women. Hormonal stimulation of the ovary increase increases the oocytes produced during the cycle; these oocytes must reach a minimum size in order to mature and be retrieved for the following procedures (either IVF or ICSI. The collection of oocytes is done through laparoscopic transvaginal surgery.

In cases of severe male factors, infertility may require the use of ICSI . This procedure consists of the injection of an individual sperm into the mature oocyte, thus being actually fertilised by the embryologist, one by one.

Sperm selection is based on morphology & motility. 24 hours after the procedure is done, embryologists verify whether fertilisation has occurred by looking under the microscope. The presence of 2 pronuclei is the first sign of fertilisation (one from each gamete), & they are to be fused into a single one in a process called syngamy.

It is of utmost importance to carry out such a procedure with accuracy and precision ,as it’s the transfer of genetic material that develops the baby. Strict hygienic & sterile conditions under specific media and reagents.

Every Inch of the embryology lab needs to be maintained as per the guidelines laid down by authorities. The use of any perfume, or deodorant & alike is completely forbidden just to prevent potential volatile organic compounds (VOS) from affecting developing embryos.

 In the laboratory, the use of caps, masks &disinfectants are mandatory for embryologists. Embryos are quickly placed in incubators that act as the natural environment of the uterus.

The embryology lab is where the time is set according to the procedure. Every second counts as procedures must be done at an exact time point in order to guarantee their success until transfer day.

Routine maintenance of the laboratory & equipment, sperm handling & processing for IUI, IVF & ICSI, cryopreservation of biological material, tissue sampling for biopsies for genetic analyses & PGD, or even embryo culture is of great importance. There is a strict & exhaustive record of the procedures for safety purposes.  A healthy baby is actually the outcome of the embryologist’s work to evaluate gametes & embryos.

Embryologists choose which ones are the most appropriate to be used & which should be kept for future use if, needed.

 Embryologists are the architect of the baby. The process of developing a tissue from a single cell is the most difficult and needs only the best in terms of infrastructure, expertise, knowledge & teamwork, excellent media and reagents.

We at pearl women’s hospital and Yash IVF, have Dr Ashwini Ganapule as embryology lab director. It is under the capable guidance of Dr Ashwini Ganapule, that the institute is adopting the best practices & certifications. She has international exposure to best practices in embryology.

In her own words, It is really wonderful to be a part and parcel of a fertility journey, while reassuring them & in the lab creating & caring for that little tiny cell, witnessing the miracle of multiplication. It’s a single cell on a tube or Petri plate, and then on day 5, it’s a life, that moves ahead in the womb. I silently listen to the music of my heart and wait patiently for 9 months.

Who says, the child belongs only to mothers? We as a team, are the mothers of every child born in embryology labs. It’s an amazing feeling and just feel honoured to be a part of such a process.


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